Module 0: Introduction
This module provides a short introduction into the use and background of the resource package and for whom it is intended. It explains how the different modules can be utilized as well as the limitations to the presented information.
Module 1: Understanding the impact of armed conflict on children
This module’s aim is to review existing scientific literature on the impact of violence on children’s psychosocial wellbeing, and to come to an integrated model synthesizing part of this literature, as well as translating such understanding to the practical service provision situation.
Module 2: Development of a psychosocial care approach
This module provides the framework for the care package and thus for the subsequent modules. It; (a) summarizes the existing literature on, and theoretical approaches towards, psychosocial and mental health care for children in war-affected settings; and (b) outlines an example of a comprehensive psychosocial approach that was adopted for this project. It provides an overview of the different components and will summarize issues pertinent to implementing the package.
Module 3: How to conduct awareness raising and community psycho-education
This module includes an overview of the rationale of public awareness alongside structured psychosocial initiatives, a step-by-step discussion of the setting up a psycho-education component and example topics that were included.
Module 4: How to conduct screening
This module discusses the rationale and steps of structured screening, detailing a primary screening procedure to assess levels of non-specific psychosocial distress among large groups of children.
Module 5: How to organize Child Resilience Groups
This module describes the content and reasons for non-therapeutic Child Resilience Groups, which refer to a set of mainly recreational activities that are meant for those children that are, based on primary screening outcomes, not indicated for psychosocial intervention or mental health care
Module 6: How to utilize existing community resources
This module looks into how a psychosocial care approach builds upon and makes use of existing resources within targeted communities. In detail it will provide an overview of some of the steps involved in tapping into and utilizing such resources, for example assessment, development of resource-maps and case-management.
Module 7: How to conduct the Classroom Based Intervention (CBI)
This module outlines the steps in implementing the Classroom Based Intervention (CBI ©). CBI is a structured community-based intervention, which aims at increasing children’s capacity to deal with their psychosocial problems. CBI is an eclectic intervention based on concepts from creative-expressive and experiential therapy, cooperative play and cognitive behavioral therapy. CBI combines specific techniques such as psycho-education, socio-drama, movement/dance, group cohesion activities, stress inoculation techniques and trauma-processing through (voluntary) narrative exposure through drawings.
Module 8: How to organize and implement parental care
This module starts with acknowledging the importance of including parents and families in the psychosocial care for children. Subsequently, it describes different aspects of working with parents, including creating mutual awareness, linking families to support mechanisms, as well as basic principles of a parent-child interaction approach (part II).
Module 9: How to conduct psychosocial counseling
This module describes the use of supportive and problem-solving counseling as a more specialized or individualized component to cater for the psychosocial needs to children that present with more severe distress.
Module 10: How to organize and implement clinical supervision and care for caregivers
This module discusses the importance of clinical supervision as a mechanism for emotional support, continued learning and quality control for the service providers. Specific recommendations are made as to how to set up supervision for the services described in other modules.
Module 11: How to organize and implement assessment, M&E and research
This module focuses on two questions; “what are the (psychosocial) needs within a particular war-affected community?” and “did the psychosocial intervention work as intended?” For each question we briefly describe the continuum of assessment, monitoring & evaluation and research activities that can be used to answer the question and propose a set of tools to assist in answering the question.
Family Treatment Development Procedure and Protocol
The first document describes a four-phase research process to develop and/or compose new interventions. This has been applied to the development of a new family-based treatment for children in Burundi (second document).